D. Scott Barfoot, Bruce E. Winston, and Charles Wickman
- This exploratory study examines the results of the Pastors-in-Residence-Confidential Survey submitted by 108 pastors of evangelical churches across denominational lines. The exploratory findings generate data on demographic information such as age, education, and marital status on pastors who experience a forced termination from their post. The study examined the antecedents: (a) conflicting visions for the church (LaRue, 1996), (b) personality conflict with others in leadership and/or the congregation (Goodwin, 1997), (c) interpersonal incompetence (Schuller, 1985), (d) unrealistic expectations, (e) lack of church discipline (Crowell, 1995) and (judicial procedures (Goodwin, 1997), and (f) contentious individuals and power groups (Willis, 2001) as well as examined the effects of forced pastoral exits on the pastor’s life and ministry. The data suggests that the greatest impact on pastors as a result of a forced exit are a reduction of trust in others and a reduction in self esteem, while the two greatest lessons learned by the pastors is that they must understand unrealistic expectations placed on the pastor by the church and the need to recognize conflicting visions early on in the duration of the position. The research conducted in this paper expands the current literature by examining and confirming central antecedents while generating more questions based on data collected to generate further research.
D. Scott Barfoot
- George Barna contends that respect, understanding and appreciation for pastors has fallen to its lowest level over the last decades. Moreover, the author claims that church members trust in their pastor to understand and address their personal problems as well as to lead them has been in a downward spiral over the last 15 years. Often due in part to a breakdown of interpersonal trust between clergy (leaders) and lay-leaders (followers), a growing number of pastors experience forced termination from their ministry post. This is no surprise given that the average pastor’s tenure lasts less than four years at any one ministry post. As a result of the breakdown of interpersonal trust within a pastor-lay leader relationship, individual clergy, lay persons and church organizations alike suffer significant blows to their emotional and organizational health, stability, growth and effectiveness. This article summarizes the current trust literature to establish a more comprehensive understanding of fostering interpersonal trust among leadership in the local church.
Rod MacIlvaine and D. Scott Barfoot
- The New Shape of World Christianity: How American Experience Reflects Global Faith. By Mark A. Noll. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2009. 212 pp. $25.00 (Publication in Bibliotheca Sacra).
D. Scott Barfoot, Rod MacIlvaine and Jeanne Ballard
- This article provides a working architecture for developing and sustaining cohorts that increase the effectiveness in achieving student learning outcomes. The cohort learning experience is a peer learning affair that assumes significant life experience, coupled with significant life goal (a degree) with a significant level of motivation. Before the internet age, peer groups flourished in business schools like Harvard where case study learning produced leadership wisdom. Peer based learning also took place among physicians in their residency programs. But in this internet age, where good information is abundant and plentiful, and students are often older, cohort based learning can be used in multiple settings. It is ideal in scholar-practitioner disciplines like the doctor of ministry and doctor of missiology degrees.